101st Airborne Division (AIRMOBILE)
The 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile) was one of the elite U.S. military units from the very beginning of the conflict to the end of American combat operations in Vietnam. The 1st Brigade of the 101st arrived in Vietnam on July 29, 1965, and fought in the II Corps Tactical Zone. In 1966 the brigade fought in Phu Yen and Kontum provinces. The 1st Brigade became part of Task Force Oregon, along with the 3rd Brigade of the 25th Infantry Division and the 196th Light Infantry Brigade, to fight in Quang Ngai and Quang Tin provinces and allow the United States Marines to move north closer to the Demilitarized Zone. The 1st Brigade rejoined the 101st Airborne Division on November 18, 1967.
The 101st Airborne Division deployed to Vietnam on November 19, 1967. Known as the "Screaming Eagles," the 101st had an illustrious history, especially at the Battle of the Bulge in World War II. By 1967 the division was completing its transition from parachutist to airmobile tactics. At first committed to III Corps, the 101st was moved to Hue during the Tet Offensive, and in April and May 1968 the unit ranged widely throughout Thua Thien and Quang Tri provinces. In mid-1968, the 3rd Brigade fought around Dak To and then joined the 25th Infantry Division in defense of Saigon. It was redeployed to I Corps in September 1968. The 101st participated in Operation Texas Star throughout 1970, and in 1971 joined ARVN in Operation Jefferson Glenn, the last American offensive action of the war. Later in 1971 the 101st supported ARVN in Lam Son 719, the ill-fated invasion of Laos. The 101st Airborne Division left Vietnam on March 10, 1972.