Pham Van Dong

Born in 1906, Pham Van Dong was a leader of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War; he became prime minister of the unified Socialist Republic of Vietnam in 1976 and chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1981. He was one of the founders of the Viet Minh Movement in 1941. A close comrade of Ho Chi Minh, he played a major role in the war against the French in the early 1950s. He attended the Geneva Conference in 1954 and became prime minister of North Vietnam in 1955. He resigned from the party politburo in 1986 and was replaced as prime minister by Pham Hung in 1987.