Walter Lippmann was born on September 21, 1889, in New York City. He graduated from Harvard in 1910 and in 1914 helped found the New Republic. Lippmann joined the editorial staff of the New York Herald Tribune in 1931, and over the years he became one of the country's most prominent syndicated columnists. During the 1950s, Lippmann worried about the moralisms which tainted the Cold War debate, preferring a foreign policy based on tangible political, economic, and strategic needs. He originally praised Lyndon Johnson's handling of the war in Vietnam, particularly after the Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964, but Lippmann was too much an advocate of a negotiated settlement to be satisfied with the 1965 escalation of the American commitment. He also doubted whether Vietnam was truly enough of a strategic interest to the United States to justify the resources the war was consuming. Between 1965 and 1973, Lippmann continued to call for de-escalation. Walter Lippmann died on December 14, 1974.