Vietnam War Destinations

Part 1

"I see light at the end of the tunnel."
--Walt W. Rostow, National Security Adviser, Dec. 1967

A-1 Skyraider
The A-1 was frequently the battlefield choice of commanders who needed fighter-bomber support.

A-7 Corsair II
The A-7 was particularly useful in attacking the Ho Chi Minh Trail and making night assaults on Hanoi and Haiphong..

A Shau Valley
The A Shau Valley was one of the major entry points to South Vietnam of the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

General Creighton Abrams
U.S. Commander in Vietnam, 1968-72.

AC-130 Gunship
Fixed-wing gunships introduced to the Vietnam War in 1968.

Accelerated Pacification Campaign
The United States launched the Accelerated Pacification Campaign on November 1, 1968, with an objective of expanding government control over 1,200 villages at this time controlled by the Vietcong.

Dean Acheson
During the 1960s, he advised both the Kennedy and Johnson administrations on foreign policy.

Ad Hoc Task Force on Vietnam
President Johnson assembled the Ad Hoc Task Force on Vietnam in 1968 to evaluate Westmoreland's request for more troops.

Agricultural Reform Tribunals
Ho Chi Minh unleashed cadre teams to seek out the landlord class.

Agroville Program
Because of growing instability and Vietcong insurgency in rural areas, President Ngo Dinh Diem launched the Agroville Program in 1959.

Air America
Air America was a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) proprietary.

Air-Cushion Vehicles
A river craft giving troops the mobility enjoyed by Vietcong using sampans.

AK-47
The primary infantry weapon of the North Vietnamese Army (NVA) and the Vietcong (VC) in the Vietnam War.

Muhammad Ali
A hero of the antiwar movement, as well as for poor people and blacks.

All Cracked Up
by Sergeant Major (Ret) George S. Kulas

A slice of life in Vietnam during the war.

Everett Alvarez, Jr.
The first American pilot taken prisoner by the North Vietnamese.

Amphibious Forces
Used transport and cargo ships, helicopters, tank landing ships, and dock landing ships.

Annam
The name given by the French to one of the three major regions of Vietnam.

Another Vietnam War Story or Two
by David A. Willson

"I'd been in Vietnam more than a year, first at Tan Son Nhut for about nine months and then at Long Binh for four months. I'd already extended one month and thirteen days and was being heavily encouraged to re-up and extend for another one year tour of duty. The enticements were considerable: cash bonus, rank and of course, the chance to continue serving my country in a foreign war of liberation. To help liberate an oppressed people from the heavy heel of Chinese communism -- that argument was pure bullshit to me. A better argument would have been -- Do you want to stay in a situation where you have power totally out of proportion to your age, experience, training and rank? Or do you want to go home, take off your uniform and be a nobody in a job where you have no autonomy, no power, and are surrounded by people who have absolutely no interest in where you have been for the past two years or in what you have been doing?"

"Apocalypse Now" Screenplay
An American military assassin journeys up river into Cambodia on an assignment to find and kill an American colonel who has gone beyond the limits of the military's code of warfare. Considered by many to be the quintessential anti-war movie. Based on Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness. Writers: John Milius, Francis Ford Coppola, and Michael Herr. Stars: Martin Sheen, Robert Duvall, and Marlon Brando.

Arc Light Operations
Code name for the overwhelming aerial raids of B-52 Stratofortresses against enemy positions in Southeast Asia.

Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was a military component of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

Armored Personnel Carriers
The backbone of armored cavalry formations during the Vietnam War.

Australia
Next to the South Koreans, Australia provided the most military support to the United States in the Vietnam War conflict.

B-52 Bomber
The B-52 is deemed by experts as the most successful military aircraft ever produced.

Joan Baez
One of the leading antiwar activists.

Ban Me Thuot
The capital city of Darlac Province and the largest urban concentration in the Central Highlands.

Bao Dai
Emperor of Vietnam.

Barbie and Ken Experience the War
A Vietnam War short story.

Battalion
An organizational institution.

Battery
An artillery unit.

Battle of An Loc (1972)
A major part of the North Vietnamese Eastertide Offensive in 1972.

Battle of Ap Bac (1963)
A village in the Mekong Delta, about 40 miles southwest of Saigon.

Battle of Ba Gia (1965)
A contingent of more than one thousand Vietcong attacked three battalions of South Vietnamese troops.

Battle of Bien Hoa (1964)
Escalation of the conflict became one indirect consequence of the attack on Bien Hoa in 1964.

Battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954)
The defeat was a harsh psychological blow to the French.

Battle of Dong Ha (1968)
The NVA 320th Division, with 8,000 troops, attacked Dong Ha and fought a rigorous battle.

Battle of Dong Xoai (1965)
An American Special Forces Camp.

Battle of Hue (1975)
On March 24, General Truong began evacuating ARVN forces from Hue, and NVA troops entered the city the same day.

Battle of Ia Drang Valley (1965)
The battle of the Ia Drang Valley began with a North Vietnamese attack on the Special Forces camp at Plei Me in the Central Highlands.

Battle of Khe Sanh (1967-1968)
The NVA siege of Khe Sanh began on January 21, 1968.

Battle of Loc Ninh (1967)
The Vietcong defeat at Loc Ninh encouraged American military officials to believe that at long last the enemy was trying to use conventional tactics.

Battle of Xuan Loc (1975)
The fighting was harsh and severe, and the ARVN troops fought well.

Ben Hai River
The frontier boundary between North and South Vietnam.

Ben Suc
In the heart of the Iron Triangle and a center of activity for the Vietcong.

Ben Tre
"It became necessary to destroy the town in order to save it."

The Berrigan Brothers
Antiwar activists and priests.

Binh Xuyen
The Binh Xuyen were drug smugglers who traditionally traded support for legal protection of their rackets.

Leon Blum
One of the leading French socialists..

Boat People
A euphemism for Vietnamese refugees fleeing Vietnam after the fall of Saigon in 1975.

Booby Traps
Booby traps were a common part of the Vietnam War, mainly because of the guerrilla nature of the conflict.

Brigade
A basic military organizational institution..

Brinks Hotel
No place was completely safe from Vietcong acts of terrorism.

McGeorge Bundy
Vietnam War historical information on a U. S. government key player.

Ellsworth Bunker
U.S. Ambassador to Vietnam, 1967-73.

Cam Ranh Bay
The major port of entry for U.S. military supplies and personnel in South Vietnam.

Cao Dai
A Vietnamese religious sect with saints ranging from Buddha and Jesus to Charlie Chaplin and Joan of Arc.

Capital Division
The Republic of Korea (ROK) sent combat forces to South Vietnam.

Philip Caputo
His acclaimed memoir of Vietnam, A Rumor of War, is widely regarded as a classic in the literature of war.

Central Highlands
A strategically significant region of South Vietnam throughout the 1960s and 1970s.

The Chicago Seven
The famous antiwar group.

Chieu Hoi
An amnesty program.

Cholon
The Chinese part of the city of Saigon.

A CIA Hired Wife Bares Her Soul
A Vietnam War Short Story.

Claymore
An antipersonnel mine.

William Sloan Coffin
A dominant figure in the antiwar movement.

Confucianism
Confucianism was the moral philosophy which the Vietnamese used to govern their society.

Lucien Conein
Conein entered Hanoi when Japan surrendered and met with Ho Chi Minh and other Vietminh leaders.

Chester Cooper
Unlike the majority of men in either the Johnson or Nixon administrations, Cooper constantly encouraged a political solution over a military solution to the conflict in Vietnam.

Walter Cronkite
Walter Cronkite became the preeminent media figure of the 1960s and 1970s as correspondent and anchorman for CBS Television.

Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Viet-Nam
Ho Chi Minh's Speech, Ba Dinh Square, September 2, 1945

"The Deer Hunter" Screenplay
The complete script online.

Democratic Republic of Vietnam Peace Proposal
June 26, 1971.

Pham Van Dong
North Vietnamese leader.

DRVN
The Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN), also known as North Vietnam.

Duong Van Minh
The last president of the Republic of Vietnam.

Eastertide Offensive
The offensive began on March 30, 1972.

"84 Charlie MoPic" Screenplay
For training purposes, a camera is taken on a "routine" patrol in Vietnam.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Press Conference, April 7, 1954
The Row of Dominoes explanation.

Eisenhower's Letter of Support to Ngo Dinh Diem
October 23, 1954.

Dwight D. Eisenhower's
First Inaugural Address
January 20, 1953

Dwight D. Eisenhower's
Second Inaugural Address
January 21, 1957

Dwight D. Eisenhower Quotations

Military-Industrial Complex Speech
by Dwight D. Eisenhower
1961

Gloria Emerson
Emerson was best known for her award-winning reporting of the Vietnam War for the New York Times.

Bernard Fall
Author Bernard Fall was an acknowledged authority on Vietnam and the wars fought there.

First Aviation Brigade
Headquartered at Tan Son Nhut Air Base and Long Binh.

Frances FitzGerald
Frances FitzGerald was not quite 32 years of age when her first book, Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam, was published to immediate and extraordinary praise.

Jane Fonda
Her trip to North Vietnam earned her the rage of American conservatives.

The Truth About My Trip To Hanoi by Jane Fonda
"Some people seem to need to hate and I make a convenient lightning rod. I think the lies and distortions serve some right-wing purpose--fundraising? Demonizing me so as to scare others from becoming out-spoken anti-war activists?"

President Ford's Speech on the Fall of Vietnam, 24 April 1975
Excerpts from the text of a speech by President Ford as prepared for delivery to the student body of Tulane University.

"Forrest Gump" Screenplay
The complete script online.

IV Corps
IV Corps was the southernmost of the four major military and administrative units of South Vietnam in the 1960s and early 1970s.

4th Infantry Division
Known as the Ivy Division.

The French in Vietnam
France's Vietnam War.

French Indochina
French Indochina was a federation of French colonies and protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire.

J. William Fulbright Testifies on China and Vietnam, 1966

General Westmoreland's Houseboy (and VC Spy) Talks
A Vietnam War Short Story.

Vo Nguyen Giap
North Vietnam's great military leader.

Gulf of Tonkin Incident (1964)
The destroyer USS Maddox came under attack by three North Vietnamese torpedo boats on August 2.

Hai Van Pass
The main supply route along the north-south axis in South Vietnam.

David Halberstam
Halberstam won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of Vietnam, where he was a correspondent.

Hamburger Hill
Hamburger Hill was the nickname for Dong Ap Bia, a mountain in the A Shau Valley area of South Vietnam, southwest of Hue near the Laotian border.

Hanging Tough is Tough
by Sergeant Major (Ret) George S. Kulas

"After 19 months in Vietnam, I arrived at Camp Courtney Okinawa. I was to spend my last six months on active duty in the Marine Corps at the camp. It was December 1968."

Paul Harkins
General Harkins served as the first commander of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV).

Le Ly Hayslip
The author of When Heaven and Earth Changed Places.

Michael Herr
A writer and former war correspondent, best known as the author of Dispatches.

A History of the 58th Infantry Platoon (Scout Dog)
The 58th Infantry Platoon (Scout Dog) was in South Vietnam from February 18, 1968 to July 21, 1971 and served in ten campaigns of the Vietnam War, earning four unit citations.

The Ho Chi Minh Trail
The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a complex web of different jungle paths that enabled communist troops to travel from North Vietnam to areas close to Saigon.

Huynh Phu So
Huynh Phu So founded a new Buddhist sect, the Hoa Hao.

Huynh Tan Phat
President of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam.

International Commission of Control and Supervision
One of the provisions of the Paris Accords of 1973.

Iron Triangle (War Zone D)
The Iron Triangle was a National Liberation Front (NLF) stronghold 20 miles northwest of Saigon.

It is Getting Better
by Sergeant Major (Ret) George S. Kulas

"At last I was home. It was June 7, 1969 and I had just been released from my Marine Corps tour, which included 18 months in Vietnam. It felt great wandering the sidewalks in my hometown of Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Finally I was on solid ground."

Jack’s War Never Ended
by Sergeant Major (Ret) George S. Kulas

A moving piece about a Vietnam War friendship.

Jason Study
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara was beginning to have serious misgivings about the nature of the war in Vietnam by the spring of 1966.

Johns Hopkins Speech
President Lyndon B. Johnson offered to hold "unconditional discussions" with the North Vietnamese about ending the war.

Lyndon Johnson's
Inaugural Address
January 20, 1965

President Lyndon B. Johnson's Address at Johns Hopkins University:
"Peace Without Conquest" April 7, 1965

President Johnson on U.S. Aims in Vietnam

Lyndon Johnson Quotations

Joint General Staff
The South Vietnamese equivalent of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Paul Kattenburg
First known American official to propose withdrawal from Vietnam.

John F. Kennedy's
Inaugural Address
January 20, 1961

President Kennedy's News Conference, February 7, 1962
Response to a question on American involvement in South Vietnam.

Kent State University
On May 1, 1970, students at Kent State University in Ohio marched against the war and rioted.

Martin Luther King, Jr.
From the very beginning of the conflict in Vietnam, King had grave misgivings about it, seeing it as a misguided effort on the part of the United States.

Henry A. Kissinger
Between 1969 and 1973, Henry Kissinger was the principal figure in the diplomatic effort to restore peace in Southeast Asia.

Kit Carson Scouts
Former Vietcong guerrillas who had "rallied" to the government, frequently under the Chieu Hoi Program.

Korea
During the Vietnam War, the Republic of Korea sent more combat troops to South Vietnam than any other American ally.

Nguyen Cao Ky
A career soldier and politician in South Vietnam.




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