Vietnam War History
Part 2

The Easter Offensive: Vietnam, 1972
by G. H. Turley, James Webb
The largest North Vietnamese offensive mounted in the history of the war.

Eastertide Offensive
The offensive began on March 30, 1972.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Press Conference, April 7, 1954
The Row of Dominoes explanation.

Eisenhower's Letter of Support to Ngo Dinh Diem
October 23, 1954.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Quotations

Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History
Here are more than 900 alphabetically arranged entries -- plus 39 primary source documents -- that illuminate every aspect of the Vietnam War.

Bernard Fall
Author Bernard Fall was an acknowledged authority on Vietnam and the wars fought there.

Fire in the Lake
by Frances Fitzgerald
This Pulitzer Prize-winning 1973 classic looks at U.S. intervention from the vantage point of Vietnamese culture and society.

First Aviation Brigade
Headquartered at Tan Son Nhut Air Base and Long Binh.

Jane Fonda
Her trip to North Vietnam earned her the rage of American conservatives.

President Ford's Speech on the Fall of Vietnam, 24 April 1975
Excerpts from the text of a speech by President Ford as prepared for delivery to the student body of Tulane University.

The French in Vietnam
France's Vietnam War.

French Indochina
French Indochina was a federation of French colonies and protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire.

J. William Fulbright Testifies on China and Vietnam, 1966

Vo Nguyen Giap
North Vietnam's great military leader.

Gulf of Tonkin Incident (1964)
The destroyer USS Maddox came under attack by three North Vietnamese torpedo boats on August 2.

Hai Van Pass
The main supply route along the north-south axis in South Vietnam.

David Halberstam
Halberstam won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of Vietnam, where he was a correspondent.

Hamburger Hill
Hamburger Hill was the nickname for Dong Ap Bia, a mountain in the A Shau Valley area of South Vietnam, southwest of Hue near the Laotian border.

Paul Harkins
General Harkins served as the first commander of Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV).

Hell in a Very Small Place: The Siege of Dien Bien Phu
by Bernard B. Fall
The 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu ranks with Stalingrad and Tet for what it ended (imperial ambitions), what it foretold (American involvement), and what it symbolized: A guerrilla force of Viet Minh destroyed a technologically superior French army, convincing the Viet Minh that similar tactics might prevail in battle with the U.S.

Historical Atlas of the Vietnam War
This comprehensive atlas covers all aspects of the controversial war, providing in-depth historical background, charting the social and economic aspects of the war, and examining Vietnamese military and political strategy.

A History of the 58th Infantry Platoon (Scout Dog)
The 58th Infantry Platoon (Scout Dog) was in South Vietnam from February 18, 1968 to July 21, 1971 and served in ten campaigns of the Vietnam War, earning four unit citations.

The Ho Chi Minh Trail
The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a complex web of different jungle paths that enabled communist troops to travel from North Vietnam to areas close to Saigon.

Huynh Phu So
Huynh Phu So founded a new Buddhist sect, the Hoa Hao.

In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam
by Robert S. McNamara with Brian VanDeMark
Former Secretary of Defense McNamara's controversial indictment of American policy in Vietnam.

Inaugural Address, President John F. Kennedy, Washington, D.C., January 20, 1961

Indochina's Refugees: Oral Histories from Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam
by Joanna C. Scott
This poignant collection of oral histories tells the stories of nine Laotians, four Cambodians and nine Vietnamese: what their lives were like before 1975, what happened after the Communist takeover that made them decide to flee their native countries, and how they escaped. The storytellers (housewife, Amerasian child, schoolteacher, government clerk, military officer, security agent, Buddhist monk, artist) create a broad and moving picture of the new realities of contemporary Indochina.

Inside Television's First War: A Saigon Journal
by Ronald Steinman
"Steinman went to Saigon as NBC news bureau chief in April 1966 before the significance of the Vietnam War was clearly evident. It was the first war to be reported by television at a time when there was less government -- and network -- interference in war reporting. It was also a time before technology enabled the fast and constant relay of images and news from around the world. Steinman recalls the struggles he and his staff of young, multinational correspondents faced: learning how to report a war from the front lines, how to get past the canned news offered by the government, and how to get undeveloped film shipped out of Saigon. He recalls the hardships of living in a war-torn nation and the friendships that helped advance news gathering and personal survival. Steinman also recalls his courtship of a young Vietnamese coworker whom he later married. This is an intense look behind the scenes at how television reported on the growing conflict in Vietnam and how those images influenced American public opinion of the war." --Booklist

International Commission of Control and Supervision
One of the provisions of the Paris Accords of 1973.

Inventing Vietnam: The War in Film and Television
by Michael Anderegg
The Vietnam War has been depicted by every available medium, each presenting a message, an agenda, of what the filmmakers and producers choose to project about America's involvement in Southeast Asia. This collection of essays, most of which are previously unpublished, analyzes the themes, modes, and stylistic strategies seen in a broad range of films and television programs.

Iron Triangle (War Zone D)
The Iron Triangle was a National Liberation Front (NLF) stronghold 20 miles northwest of Saigon.

Irreparable Harm: A Firsthand Account of How One Agent Took on the CIA in an Epic Battle Over Free Speech
by Frank Snepp
"Written with deep indignation, Snepp's engaging memoir presents a compelling case study of how claims of national security arguably stifle expression that in no way endangers national security but instead might merely embarrass the government." --Publishers Weekly

Jason Study
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara was beginning to have serious misgivings about the nature of the war in Vietnam by the spring of 1966.

Johns Hopkins Speech
President Lyndon B. Johnson offered to hold "unconditional discussions" with the North Vietnamese about ending the war.

President Lyndon B. Johnson's Address at Johns Hopkins University:
"Peace Without Conquest" April 7, 1965

President Johnson on U.S. Aims in Vietnam

Lyndon Johnson Quotations

Joint General Staff
The South Vietnamese equivalent of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Paul Kattenburg
First known American official to propose withdrawal from Vietnam.

President Kennedy's News Conference, February 7, 1962
Response to a question on American involvement in South Vietnam.

Kent State University
On May 1, 1970, students at Kent State University in Ohio marched against the war and rioted.

Martin Luther King, Jr.
From the very beginning of the conflict in Vietnam, King had grave misgivings about it, seeing it as a misguided effort on the part of the United States.

Henry A. Kissinger
Between 1969 and 1973, Henry Kissinger was the principal figure in the diplomatic effort to restore peace in Southeast Asia.

Kissinger: A Biography
by Walter Isaacson
The fullest account of Kissinger's life and career to date, other than his memoirs, this engrossing portrait provides plenty of ammunition for the former Secretary of State's supporters and detractors both.

During the Vietnam War, the Republic of Korea sent more combat troops to South Vietnam than any other American ally.

Nguyen Cao Ky
A career soldier and politician in South Vietnam.

Edward Lansdale
Super spy.

Le Duc Tho
Le Duc Tho was North Vietnam's principal negotiator at the Paris peace talks.

Legacy of Discord: Voices of the Vietnam War Era
by Gilbert N. Dorland
Probing interviews with leading participants in, and critical observers of, the Vietnam War.

Letter from President Nixon
to President Nguyen Van Thieu
of the Republic of Vietnam
January 5, 1973

Released April 30, 1975.

Walter Lippmann
One of the country's most prominent syndicated columnists.

Lodge in Vietnam: A Patriot Abroad
by Anne Blair
Part biography and part diplomatic history, this book focuses on Henry Cabot Lodge`s ambassadorship to South Vietnam from 1963 to 1964.

Long Binh
A major United States Army supply facility.

Major General Nguyen Van Hieu
by Tin Nguyen, Raymond R. Battreall
Meet one of the most gallant warriors of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. This biography depicts ARVN Major General Hieu under different facets: his personal life, his military career, his military exploits, and his unjust death. It reveals General Hieu as an unsung hero, whose tactical and strategic skills put him among the best soldiers of modern times, at par with General Rommel of Germany, Patton of the United States, Montgomery of England and Leclerc of France.

Graham Martin
Martin was named to replace Ellsworth Bunker as ambassador to Vietnam in 1973.

John S. McCain, Jr.
Commander in chief of Pacific naval forces (1968-72).

Eugene McCarthy
Senator McCarthy was a blunt opponent of the Vietnam War.

Robert Strange McNamara
U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1961-68.

Mekong River Project
By the early 1970s, the Mekong River Project had completed three dams providing for flood control and hydroelectric power.

Michigan State University Advisory Group (MSUAG)
Headed by Wesley Fishel.

Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV)
A unified command subject to the direction of the Commander in Chief, Pacific.

Military-Industrial Complex Speech, Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1961

Mining of Haiphong Harbor
Haiphong is the major port and third largest city in North Vietnam.

Vietnam War History, Part 1

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