The Vietnamese:
Vietnam War

Accelerated Pacification Campaign
The United States launched the Accelerated Pacification Campaign on November 1, 1968, with an objective of expanding government control over 1,200 villages at this time controlled by the Vietcong.

Agricultural Reform Tribunals
Ho Chi Minh unleashed cadre teams to seek out the landlord class.

Agroville Program
Because of growing instability and Vietcong insurgency in rural areas, President Ngo Dinh Diem launched the Agroville Program in 1959.

Another Vietnam: Pictures of the War from the Other Side
An intense collection of images, many never seen before, from the cameras of North Vietnamese photographers. Each included photographer has a chapter highlighting his personal stories and captivating pictures.

April Fools
by George W. Schwarz
Relates the suffering of the Vietnamese during evacuations, 1972-1975 period. Schwarz worked for American companies in Vietnam during the war.

Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) was a military component of the armed forces of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam).

Ban Me Thuot
The capital city of Darlac Province and the largest urban concentration in the Central Highlands.

Bao Dai
Emperor of Vietnam.

Battle of An Loc (1972)
A major part of the North Vietnamese Eastertide Offensive in 1972.

Battle of Ap Bac (1963)
A village in the Mekong Delta, about 40 miles southwest of Saigon.

Battle of Ba Gia (1965)
A contingent of more than one thousand Vietcong attacked three battalions of South Vietnamese troops.

Battle of Hue (1975)
On March 24, General Truong began evacuating ARVN forces from Hue, and NVA troops entered the city the same day.

Battle of Khe Sanh (1967-1968)
The NVA siege of Khe Sanh began on January 21, 1968.

Battle of Loc Ninh (1967)
The Vietcong defeat at Loc Ninh encouraged American military officials to believe that at long last the enemy was trying to use conventional tactics.

Battle of Xuan Loc (1975)
The fighting was harsh and severe, and the ARVN troops fought well.

Ben Suc
In the heart of the Iron Triangle and a center of activity for the Vietcong.

Ben Tre
"It became necessary to destroy the town in order to save it."

Binh Xuyen
The Binh Xuyen were drug smugglers who traditionally traded support for legal protection of their rackets.

Boat People
A euphemism for Vietnamese refugees fleeing Vietnam after the fall of Saigon in 1975.

Booby Traps
Booby traps were a common part of the Vietnam War, mainly because of the guerrilla nature of the conflict.

Cao Dai
A Vietnamese religious sect with saints ranging from Buddha and Jesus to Charlie Chaplin and Joan of Arc.

Catfish and Mandala: A 2 Wheeled Voyage Through the Landscape and Memory of Vietnam
by Andrew X. Pham
The son of Vietnamese parents who suffered terribly during the Vietnam War and brought their family to America when he was 10, Pham, on the cusp of his 30s, defied his parents' conservative hopes for him and his engineering career by becoming a poorly paid freelance writer. After the suicide of his sister, he set off on an even riskier path to travel some of the world on his bicycle. In the grueling, enlightening year that followed, he pedaled through Mexico, the American West Coast, Japan, and finally his far-off first land, Vietnam.

Chieu Hoi
An amnesty program.

Confucianism was the moral philosophy which the Vietnamese used to govern their society.

Decent Interval
by Frank Snepp
April 29, 1975: the evacuation of Saigon. Itís every man for himself; thousands of panic-stricken Vietnamese clawing at the Embassy gates, begging not to be left behind as the last of the Americans save themselves.

Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Viet-Nam
Ho Chi Minh's Speech, Ba Dinh Square, September 2, 1945

Dien Bien Phu: The Epic Battle America Forgot
by Howard R. Simpson
The fall of Dien Bien Phu ended French control of Indochina and opened the way to US commitment to the area (and to US mistakes of a similar nature). Simpson -- former US consul general, novelist, and writer on defense matters -- was there as a USIA correspondent. His account, on the 40th anniversary of the battle, is personal, and includes many of his photos as well as photos from the Foreign Legion archives.

Pham Van Dong
North Vietnamese leader.

Duong Van Minh
The last president of the Republic of Vietnam.

The Easter Offensive: Vietnam, 1972
by G. H. Turley, James Webb
The largest North Vietnamese offensive mounted in the history of the war.

Eastertide Offensive
The offensive began on March 30, 1972.

Fire in the Lake
by Frances Fitzgerald
This Pulitzer Prize-winning 1973 classic looks at U.S. intervention from the vantage point of Vietnamese culture and society.

From Both Sides Now: The Poetry of the Vietnam War and its Aftermath
by Philip Mahony (Editor)
"Wanting to revive awareness of the Vietnam War, which he sees slipping into oblivion because Americans would rather not talk about it, Philip Mahony has crafted a new kind of war-poetry anthology. He has chosen poems by both Americans and Vietnamese; by both adults involved in the fighting and children, now grown, who were displaced by it; and by both combatants and protesters." --Booklist

Vo Nguyen Giap
North Vietnam's great military leader.

Hell in a Very Small Place: The Siege of Dien Bien Phu
by Bernard B. Fall
The 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu ranks with Stalingrad and Tet for what it ended (imperial ambitions), what it foretold (American involvement), and what it symbolized: A guerrilla force of Viet Minh destroyed a technologically superior French army, convincing the Viet Minh that similar tactics might prevail in battle with the U.S.

Major General Nguyen Van Hieu
by Tin Nguyen, Raymond R. Battreall
Meet one of the most gallant warriors of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. This biography depicts ARVN Major General Hieu under different facets: his personal life, his military career, his military exploits, and his unjust death. It reveals General Hieu as an unsung hero, whose tactical and strategic skills put him among the best soldiers of modern times, at par with General Rommel of Germany, Patton of the United States, Montgomery of England and Leclerc of France.

The Ho Chi Minh Trail
The Ho Chi Minh Trail was a complex web of different jungle paths that enabled communist troops to travel from North Vietnam to areas close to Saigon.

Huynh Phu So
Huynh Phu So founded a new Buddhist sect, the Hoa Hao.

Huynh Tan Phat
President of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of South Vietnam.

Indochina's Refugees: Oral Histories from Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam
by Joanna C. Scott
This poignant collection of oral histories tells the stories of nine Laotians, four Cambodians and nine Vietnamese: what their lives were like before 1975, what happened after the Communist takeover that made them decide to flee their native countries, and how they escaped. The storytellers (housewife, Amerasian child, schoolteacher, government clerk, military officer, security agent, Buddhist monk, artist) create a broad and moving picture of the new realities of contemporary Indochina.

Iron Triangle (War Zone D)
The Iron Triangle was a National Liberation Front (NLF) stronghold 20 miles northwest of Saigon.

Joint General Staff
The South Vietnamese equivalent of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Kit Carson Scouts
Former Vietcong guerrillas who had "rallied" to the government, frequently under the Chieu Hoi Program.

Nguyen Cao Ky
A career soldier and politician in South Vietnam.

Le Duc Tho
Le Duc Tho was North Vietnam's principal negotiator at the Paris peace talks.

National Leadership Council
Generals Thieu, Ky, and Co declared the establishment of a National Leadership Council to govern the Republic of Vietnam.

Ngo Dinh Can
Ngo Dinh Can was the younger brother of Ngo Dinh Diem and Ngo Dinh Nhu.

Ngo Dinh Diem
His oppressiveness and refusal to instigate reforms tried the patience of the United States.

Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu
Madame Nhu saw herself as the reincarnation of the Trung sisters, ancient leaders in the struggle for independence from China.

Novel Without a Name
by Duong Thu Huong
"Vietnamese novelist Huong, who has been imprisoned for her political beliefs, presents the story of a disillusioned soldier in a book that was banned in her native country." --Publishers Weekly

Peace Proposal of the Provisional Revolutionary Government
of the Republic of South Viet Nam

July 1, 1971

Road to the United States: Part 1
by Bright Quang
Those who dare to take a stand and act on their beliefs often find themselves in a lonely place, subjected to ridicule and persecution. Bright has traveled that road for most of his life, from his war-torn homeland of Vietnam to the shores of America.

Road to the United States: Part 2
by Bright Quang

The acronym SAM described surface-to-air missiles used by the North Vietnamese.

An acronym for South East Asian Lake Ocean River Delta Strategy.

The Sorrow of War
by Bao Ninh
Kien, the protagonist of this rambling and sometimes nearly incoherent but emotionally gripping account of the Vietnam war, is a 10-year veteran whose experiences bear a striking similarity to those of the author, a Hanoi writer who fought with the Glorious 27th Youth Brigade.

A Story of Vietnam
by Truong Buu Lam
From the author: "As a specialist of Southeast Asia, I am often asked to introduce a history of Vietnam that would treat evenly all of its diverse periods and also would give equal importance to the cultural and artistic aspects as to the political or military events.As often, I am embarrassed to answer that there is no such work written in English. In effect,a comprehensive history of Vietnam is still lacking. That is why I am happy to introduce here a work of mine entitled A Story of VI T NAM.

I call it a story and not a history, because I do not want my book to be the usual conventional textbook. While not a conventional text, my work can,nonetheless, provide a substantial reading material to students who are interested in Asian affairs. To the hyphenated Vietnamese in particular, --who have not been schooled in Vietnam-- it represents a convenient reference tool to unveil the historical allusions, cultural insinuations, mythical hints, literary suggestions, ethnic idiosyncrasies they encounter every day at home. Finally, this book can also be sought after by all those people who know so much already about Vietnam as a war but who still would like to know a little bit more about a Vietnam which is a culture, a country and a people."

Tet Offensive
The Tet Offensive, by exposing the resolve of the Vietcong and North Vietnamese, as well as their continuing vigor, demoralized American public opinion.

Thich Nu Thanh Quang
Her death triggered a series of mass Buddhist protests throughout Vietnam.

Thich Quang Duc
Thich Quang Duc's suicide marked the beginning of the end of the Diem regime.

Nguyen Van Thieu
President of South Vietnam.

Van Tien Dung
Van Tien Dung led the final assault on South Vietnam in 1975.

President Nixon's plan to encourage the South Vietnamese to take more responsibility for fighting the war.

Vu Van Mau
Minister of foreign affairs in the government of Ngo Dinh Diem.

When Heaven and Earth Changed Places: A Vietnamese Woman's Journey from War to Peace
by Le Ly Hayslip
A Vietnamese woman describes her journey from war-torn central Vietnam to the United States, recounting how she endured imprisonment, torture, rape, near-starvation, and the deaths of members of her family.

Xuan Thuy
A veteran North Vietnamese diplomat.