Vietnam War
Battles, Campaigns, Offensives, Operations, Programs

"I'm not going to be the first American president to lose a war."
--Richard Nixon, Oct. 1969

Accelerated Pacification Campaign
The United States launched the Accelerated Pacification Campaign on November 1, 1968, with an objective of expanding government control over 1,200 villages at this time controlled by the Vietcong.

After Tet: The Bloodiest Year in Vietnam
by Ronald H. Spector
The TET Offensive of 1968 was supposed to mark a turning point in the war in Vietnam. In this brilliant and harrowing work, the bestselling author of "Eagle Against the Sun" shows the war that the TV missed -- and reveals that TET was only the beginning.

Arc Light Operations
Code name for the overwhelming aerial raids of B-52 Stratofortresses against enemy positions in Southeast Asia.

Airmobile Operations
They were used extensively by the United States Army and Marine Corps in Vietnam.

Ban Me Thuot
The capital city of Darlac Province and the largest urban concentration in the Central Highlands.

Battle of An Loc (1972)
A major part of the North Vietnamese Eastertide Offensive in 1972.

Battle of Ap Bac (1963)
A village in the Mekong Delta, about 40 miles southwest of Saigon.

Battle of Ba Gia (1965)
A contingent of more than one thousand Vietcong attacked three battalions of South Vietnamese troops.

Battle of Bien Hoa (1964)
Escalation of the conflict became one indirect consequence of the attack on Bien Hoa in 1964.

Battle of Dien Bien Phu (1954)
The defeat was a harsh psychological blow to the French.

Battle of Dong Ha (1968)
The NVA 320th Division, with 8,000 troops, attacked Dong Ha and fought a rigorous battle.

Battle of Dong Xoai (1965)
An American Special Forces Camp.

Battle of Hue (1975)
On March 24, General Truong began evacuating ARVN forces from Hue, and NVA troops entered the city the same day.

Battle of Ia Drang Valley (1965)
The battle of the Ia Drang Valley began with a North Vietnamese attack on the Special Forces camp at Plei Me in the Central Highlands.

Battle of Khe Sanh (1967-1968)
The NVA siege of Khe Sanh began on January 21, 1968.

Battle of Loc Ninh (1967)
The Vietcong defeat at Loc Ninh encouraged American military officials to believe that at long last the enemy was trying to use conventional tactics.

Battle of Xuan Loc (1975)
The fighting was harsh and severe, and the ARVN troops fought well.

Ben Suc
In the heart of the Iron Triangle and a center of activity for the Vietcong.

Ben Tre
"It became necessary to destroy the town in order to save it."

Chieu Hoi
An amnesty program.

Dien Bien Phu: The Epic Battle America Forgot
by Howard R. Simpson
The fall of Dien Bien Phu ended French control of Indochina and opened the way to US commitment to the area (and to US mistakes of a similar nature). Simpson -- former US consul general, novelist, and writer on defense matters -- was there as a USIA correspondent. His account, on the 40th anniversary of the battle, is personal, and includes many of his photos as well as photos from the Foreign Legion archives.

The Easter Offensive: Vietnam, 1972
by G. H. Turley, James Webb
The largest North Vietnamese offensive mounted in the history of the war.

Eastertide Offensive
The offensive began on March 30, 1972.

Gulf of Tonkin Incident (1964)
The destroyer USS Maddox came under attack by three North Vietnamese torpedo boats on August 2.

Hamburger Hill
Hamburger Hill was the nickname for Dong Ap Bia, a mountain in the A Shau Valley area of South Vietnam, southwest of Hue near the Laotian border.

Hell in a Very Small Place: The Siege of Dien Bien Phu
by Bernard B. Fall
The 1954 battle of Dien Bien Phu ranks with Stalingrad and Tet for what it ended (imperial ambitions), what it foretold (American involvement), and what it symbolized: A guerrilla force of Viet Minh destroyed a technologically superior French army, convincing the Viet Minh that similar tactics might prevail in battle with the U.S.

Mining of Haiphong Harbor
Haiphong is the major port and third largest city in North Vietnam.

Navarre Plan
Henry Navarre was appointed commander of French forces in Indochina in May 1953.

An acronym for South East Asian Lake Ocean River Delta Strategy.

Tet Offensive
The Tet Offensive, by exposing the resolve of the Vietcong and North Vietnamese, as well as their continuing vigor, demoralized American public opinion.

We Were Soldiers Once... and Young: Ia Drang -- The Battle That Changed the War in Vietnam
by Harold G. Moore, Joseph Galloway
In the first significant engagement between American troops and the Viet Cong, 450 U.S. soldiers found themselves surrounded and outnumbered by their enemy. This book tells the story of how they battled between October 23 and November 26, 1965.